Map of suspected contamination by antipersonnel landmines
The United Nations Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU), in collaboration with the Landmine Monitor, has produced its 11th updated contamination map.
The map is based on townships in which credible reports of antipersonnel landmine contamination have been recorded by the Landmine Monitor from 1999 – 2021. The map also graphically maps casualties which occurred between January and December 2020.
In a small chart in the corner a cumulative total of casualties between 2007 and 2020 are compiled to provide an understanding of the level of casualties in a particular state. The first of these maps produced in 2011 documented contamination in 47 townships in the country. However, as of late 2021 atleast 100 townships are now believed to suffer from some level of contamination by antipersonnel landmines. This represents 30% of all townships in Myanmar. In the past year alone, landmine casualties occured in 44 of those townships.
The maps do not indicate how much, or how many areas, or precisely where the contamination may be located. In some cases may be quite minimal, however as there is no humanitarian mine clearance programme in the country, all previously identified areas are believed to remain dangerous.
Infographic on the impact of antipersonnel landmines in Myanmar
The MIMU also produces an infographic which summarizes much of the hard data within the Landmine Monitor report, cumulatively, over the past decade.
Over 2100 landmine casualties, both injured and killed, have occurred since peace talks commenced in 2011.
According to Landmine Monitor data, 52% of the casualties are attributed to antipersonnel landmines, 2% are attributed to antivehicle mines or explosive remnants of war, but for 42% of incidents the type of explosive hazard could not be specified.
The activity at time of landmine incident for civilians chiefly involves forest based livelihood activities, such as foraging for additional foods to supplement their diet, collect medicinal herbs or collection of forest products for sale in the market. This is followed by general travel in mine affected townships or agricultural work in mine affected townships. To a lessor degree other causes include finding missing animals, being taken for forced labour by combatants, or handling a landmine or other explosive item.
Predominantly adult men are the victims of landmines in those cases where the gender of the casualty is known. 7% are adult women and another 7% are children.