Press Conference and release of Landmine Monitor 2014 Myanmar/Burma Country Report
On 29 December, a press conference to launch the Burmese translation of the Myanmar/Burma country report in Landmine & Cluster Munition Monitor 2014 took place in Yangon.
The audio record of the press conference is available here.
The Landmine Monitor annual report on Myanmar/Burma is the country report from our global report, published annually by the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. The International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) formed in 1992 to rid the world of the scourge of the anti-personnel landmine. The ICBL is a network of over 1,300 non-governmental organizations in 70 countries, and received the Nobel Peace Award in 1997.
Landmine Monitor is not a technical treaty verifications system or a formal inspection regime. It is an effort by ordinary people to hold governments accountable to non-use of anti-personnel landmines. Our report seeks to make transparent the state of the landmine crisis, and government
As of December 2014, 162 countries, over 80% of the world’s governments, have ratified or acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty. Myanmar is not one of them.
Landmine Monitor has identified over 3,500 casualties of landmines in Myanmar since our first report in 1999. Compared to other countries, Myanmar ranks very high in the number of known casualties due to antipersonnel mines.
Despite this high numbers of mine casualties, as of late-2014, risk education remains inadequate or non-existent in most areas with reported casualties. Access to medical and rehabilitative assistance to mine survivors, and other persons with disabilities, in Myanmar increased significantly during 2013 and early 2014, but remains insufficient.
Providing for the needs of the landmine disabled and other disabled people, is legal obligation for the government of Myanmar under the rights enshrined in the international Convention on the Rights of Disabled Persons, which came into force for Myanmar in January 2012.
Landmine Monitor has identified over 50 townships in Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Kayah, Mon, Rakhine, and Shan states, as well as in Bago and Tanintharyi regions suffering from some degree of mine contamination, primarily from antipersonnel mines. Kayin state and eastern Bago division contain the most heavily mine-affected areas.
Despite the request by the government in early 2012 for international assistance in mine clearances, as of the end of 2014, no humanitarian mine clearance has been allowed to start, even though at least eight humanitarian mine clearance agencies have established a presence within the country.
Since the publication of its first report in 1999, Landmine Monitor has documented use of antipersonnel mines by government forces and by non-state armed groups (NSAG) in many areas of Myanmar. Mine use by both government forces and non-state actors continues to occur, however as of late 2014, information available to the Monitor indicates a significantly lower level of incidences of new mine use when compared to former years.
Myanmar Defence Products Industries, a state industry, has not publicly stated yet that it will halt production of its fragmentation, blast and non-detectable antipersonnel mines.
Full copies of the report will be available at the event.
For further information or to schedule an interview, call: 09 313 486 75