On 11 October, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) issued a report on investigations into events along the Bangladesh-Myanmar border, including new mine use.

OHCHR reported, “The Team was informed that until 23 August 2017, the Myanmar and Bangladesh border guards conducted joint patrols along the international border between Bangladesh and Myanmar and that it was therefore highly unlikely that mines were planted before 23 August due to the likelihood of real danger for army personnel of both sides that they would step onto such an explosive device.

On the basis of the information received, the Team believe that the mines were deliberately planted by the Myanmar security forces after 23 August 2017 along the border in an attempt to prevent the Rohingya refugees from returning to Myanmar. Information received by the Team referred to the use of landmines and to incidents of people stepping on mines whilst fleeing, or attempting to return to Myanmar to check on other missing family members from 25 August onwards. They were either killed instantly, or suffered serious injuries. The Cox’s Bazar District Hospital and other medical facilities confirmed the treatment of mine injuries.”

On the 10 October 2017, at First Committee meetings of the United Nations General Assembly, Bangladesh called on Myanmar to undertake immediate investigations into new use along the border in a transparent way.

See OHCHR, “Mission report of OHCHR rapid response mission to Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, 13-24 September 2017” released 11 October 2017. Pp. 9-10.