The United Nations Myanmar Information Management Unit in collaboration with the Landmine Monitor has produced its 9th updated contamination map based on townships in which credible reports of antipersonnel landmine contamination have been recorded by the Landmine Monitor from 1999 – 2019. The map also graphically maps casualties which occurred between January and December 2018. In a small chart in the corner a cumulative total of casualties between 2007 and 2018 are compiled to provide an understanding of the level of casualties in a particular state. The first of these maps produced in 2011 documented contamination in 47 townships in the country, in the latest update of the map 90 townships have been identified as containing suspected contaminated areas. The maps do not indicate how much, or how many areas, or precisely where the contamination may be located, and in some cases may be quite minimal, however as there is no formal mine clearance programme in the country, all previously identified areas are believed to remain dangerous.
The MIMU also produces an infographic which summarizes much of the hard data within the Landmine Monitor report, cumulatively, over the past decade.
The infographic places Myanmar in a region wide context, and is found to have produced the second highest number of landmine victims when compared to other countries in South, Southeast and East Asia (only Afghanistan has produced a higher casualty number).
More than 1600 of the landmine casualties, both injured and killed, have occurred since the authorities in Myanmar launched discussions on peace in the country.
According to Landmine Monitor data, in 48% of the casualties, an antipersonnel landmine is the cause of the injury, however available information is not available to positively identify the device in atleast another 48% of the casualties. 4% are other causes.
The activity at time of landmine incident for civilians chiefly involves forest based livelihood activities, such as foraging for additional foods to supplement their diet, collect medicinal herbs or collection of forest products for sale in the market. This is followed by general travel in mine affected townships or agricultural work in mine affected townships. To a lessor degree other causes include finding missing animals, being taken for forced labour by combatants, or helping others who were injured by a landdmine.
Predominantly adult men are the victims of landmines in those cases where the gender of the casualty is known. 6% are children of both genders and 5% are adult women. The gender of the victim was not available for about a quarter of the victims.